The Libya Country had its first Independence days in 2011, and Since then they are celebrating it on every 24th December. Libya Independence Day Stands for the day when the war between Italo-Turkish ended, and Libya became an Italian Colony. I added more History of Libya and how they got Independence. Special Thanks to my friend @whyaisevenhere, who helped me into this writing and making it more useful and detailed.
Before We start with the History lesson on Libya, here are some facts of Libya:
- Libya Official name is The State of Libya
- Its borders connect to many countries like Egypt, Sudan and many more.
- Libya is the fourth Biggest Country in Africa and also Sixteenth Largest Country in the whole World.
- It’s a home of Oil reserves with tenth largest of proven oil reserves in the world.
- In the early ages, Libya was home to Christianity.
- Tripoli is the capital of Libya and also the largest city in Libya.
History of Libya Independence Day – A long Tale of Independency on 24 December
Let’s begin with the history lesson of how Libya got independence and survived the harsh moments.
How Libya Got Independence
Libya became the United Kingdom of Libya on 24 December 1951. It is a first and hereditary monocracy under King Idris, only monarch of Libya. It became an extremely wealthy state from one of the poorest nations due to the oil reserve discovery in 1959 and following income from petroleum sales. Oil is drastically improving Libya’s finances, in some areas resentment begin to build over the vast amount of national health in the hand of King Idris.
Former prime minister of Libya Muammar Gaddafi, with a group of rebel military officers, launched a coup d’état, known as Al Fateh revolution, against King Idris. Gaddafi referred as the “Brother leader and guide of the revolution” in government statements and official Libyan press. To reduce Italian influence, in October 1970 after few years of Libya Independence Day, all Italian owned assets were taken away, and the 12,000 strong Latin community expelled from Libya with a smaller community of Libyan Jews. And this day, seven October, became a national holiday known as ” Vengence day” Libya’s property was increasing along with its internal political repression, and political dissent was illegal under the law of 75 of 1973. A widespread surveillance of the population was carried out through Gaddafi’s Revolutionary Committees.
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Gaddafi wanted to combat the strict social restriction s imposed on women by the previous regime and established the Revolutionary Women’s Formation to encourage reformation.
Alae is affirming the equality of the sexes and insisting on wage parity introduced in 1970. In 1971, Gaddafi sponsored the formation of Libyan General Women’s Federation. In 1972, a law criminalizing the marriage of any female under age of 16 and ensuring that woman’s consent was the necessary prerequisite for marriage passed.
On 25 October 1975, a coup attempt was launched by some 20 military officers, mostly from the city of Misrata, that resulted in the arrest and ex3cutions of the coup plotters. On March 1977, Libya officially became the “Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya” Gaddafi officially passed power to the general people’s committees and hereafter claims to be only the symbolic figurehead. The new “Jamahiriya” governance structure he established officially referred as “direct democracy.”
In February 1977, Libya started delivering military supplies to Goukouni Oueddei. The Chadian-Libyan conflict began in earnest when Libya’s support of rebel forces in northern Chad escalated into an invasion right after Libya independence day. Later that same year, Libya and Egypt fought a four-day border war that came to be known as Libyan-Egyptian war, birth nation agreed to a ceasefire under the mediation of Algerian president January Boumediene. Hundreds of Libyans died in the fight against Tanzania. Gaddafi financed various other groups from anti-nuclear movements to Australian trade unions.
From 1977 onward, per capita income in the country rose to more than the US $11,000, the fifth highest in Africa, And after Independence, Libya becomes the wealthiest country.
When the human development Index became the most senior in Africa and higher than that of Saudi Arabia. This achieved without borrowing any foreign loans keeping Libya debt free. The sizeable humanmade River was also made to allow free access to fresh water across large parts of the country. Also, the Financial support provided for university scholarships and employment programs.
Much of Libya’s income from oil, which soared in the 1970s, was spent on arms purchases and on sponsoring dozens of paramilitaries and terrorist groups around the world. A Western airstrike intended to kill Gaddafi failed in 1986. Libya put under sanctions by UN after bombing of commercial flight killing 270 people.
The Celebration Images showing Libya Citizen Enjoying the National Holiday of Libya
Here are some Pictures from the web showing the joy and victory of Libya’s People faces and they enjoying the long hard fought battle.