Muharram is here, and with some help of my girl, I have an article on History of Muharram ready for you with how much significant Muharram is in Muslim Religion and its unknown fact. You can check the other article she helped me on Durga Puja Festival and Eid al-Adha. But before I started the whole Adam and Eve story in a history lesson, here are some of the interesting facts about Muharram – Muslim’s first month.
- It is one of the four sacred months in the Muslim Religion.
- The tenth day of Muharram is called Day of Ashura.
- As per Hadith, Sunni Muslims fast during whole day on Ashura.
- Shia Muslims Take this day to respect the Martyred Hussein ibn Ali.
- With the new moon, the Muslim people celebrate the Islamic New year.
History of Muharram – A New Year and first month of Islam
Before we right jump in the history lessons, I just want to state that these all are from researchers and facts from old childhood memories. If you think or object that there is something wrong, then feel free to leave a comment below (I will not be sure on approving it).
History Lesson – The Muharram Observances
Muharram (means: forbidden) is the first month of the Islamic calendar and the second holiest month right after Ramadan. It is said that Adam and Hawa (may peace be upon them), the first man and woman were created on the tenth day and also Musa (Moses) and his followers obtained victory over Egyptian pharaoh and his soldiers who drowned in the Red Sea at 10th Muharram.
The 10th day of Muharram is also the day when Hussein ibn Ali, son of Ali and Fatimah and grandson of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and 72 of his followers martyred in the battle of Karbala. It is known as Ashura (meaning: 10th) to the Muslims. The battle took place between a small group of Hussain’s followers and family and a larger military detachment from the forces of Yazid I, the ummayad caliph (leader of an Islamic steward). While Hussain was traveling towards Kufa, at Karbala his caravan was intercepted by the Yazidis army, and he was killed and beheaded along with most of his family and companions, including his six-month-old son Ali Al-Asghar. The women and children were taken as prisoners. The dead regarded as martyrs by Shia and Sunni Muslims.
The battle of Karbala solemnized during an annual 10-day period help in every Muharram concluding by the day of Ashura. Shia Muslims mourn, hold public processions, organize majlis, strike the chest, and in some cases self-flagellation (the act of whipping himself as a part of the religious ritual) this self-flagellation takes part in Iraq, Iran, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan. Battle of Karbala is an Islamic historical tragedy where Hussain’s suffering and death symbolize sacrifice is the fight for right, justice, and truth.
How Muslim Celebrates Muharram in Various Countries
Muharram is not a sort of festival to celebrate in Muslim Religion. As per history lessons above it’s the first month in Islamic calendar. People in this day Pray and some take fast for Allah to get the most of the blessing. Some countries they got on with the battle of Karbala and whip themselves in Self-flagellation. The whipping is mostly famous in India and Pakistan countries. Here are some of the pictures showing the celebration and the pain people take to remember their loved ones: